Scars are a natural part of the body’s healing process. They form when the dermis (deep, thick layer of skin) is damaged. The body forms new collagen fibers to men the damage, resulting in a scar. The new scar tissue will have a different texture and quality then the surrounding tissue.
Types of Scars
Our skin is a seamless organ that protects our body from infection, but throughout our lives we all have experiences that injure our skin and may leave behind scars. Depending on how bad you scar depends on many factors: the depth and size of the wound, your age, heredity, your health, sex and ethnicity.
These are red scars that rise above the skin. They do not spread beyond the spot where the injury occurred. Possible treatments include steroid injections and laser surgery.
These scars typically occur after the skin is burned. They cause tightening (contracting) of the skin that can reduce the ability to move. This type of scar can go into muscles and nerves.
Acne scars: If you’ve had severe acne, you probably have the scars to prove it. There are many types of acne scars, ranging from deep pits to scars that are angular or wavelike in appearance. A range of treatment options are available, depending on the types of scars you have.
These scars extend beyond the original injury site and become thickened, protruding from the skin. Depending where it is on the body, a keloid scar could affect mobility.
Over- the counter, prescription creams, ointment, or gels: These products may reduce scars that are caused by surgical incisions (cuts) or other injuries or wounds. If you are under the care of a dermatologist or plastic surgeon, ask your doctor for recommendations. Treatment options include corticosteroids or antihistamine creams (if your scars are sensitive and cause itching).
Surgery: There are many options under this category, including skin grafts, excision (removal), or laser surgery. When looking into surgery, discuss with your doctor whether you will have local anesthesia with and oral sedative or general anesthesia. If you’ve recently had plastic, cosmetic or other surgery that has caused your scars, it is best to wait at least one year before making a about scar removal treatment. Many scars fade and become less noticeable over time.
Injections: In the case of protruding scars such as keloids or hypertrophic scars, your doctor may choose to use steroid injections to flatten the scars. Such injections can be used as a stand-alone treatment, or in combination with other treatments.
Laser surgery: Vascular (blood vessel) – specific lasers may be used to lighten flat or raised scars that are pink to purple in color. Vascular laser treatment may also help flatten raised scars. A carbon dioxide ablative laser can also be used to treat different types of scars.
The best acne scar treatment for you will depend on the extent of your scarring, the desired results, and your type of skin. For this reason you should book a consultation with your trained and experienced staff who will assess your skin.